Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Globalization and Anthropology :: Outsourcing, Offshoring, Free Trade
1. We live in a world where nothing is sacred if selling it can pick out a buck. Be it tourist indigenous memorabilia or your own extra kidney, you can bet theres a viable market, and someones willing to buy. Given the fantastic stealth of international transactions, globalized markets evoke particularly ominous possibilities for the marginalized in our capitalistic economy. Exposing obscure global issues from tourist art to bio-piracy, Schneider and Scheper-Hughes enlarge our understanding of globalization by questioning ones responsibility to the agency of others in an increasingly interrelated world. According to Schneider, defining authenticity is a battle between indigenous populates and the tourists who purchase their arts and crafts. As tourist art grows with the realization of international tourism as means of development and scotch growth in marginalized communities, foreign assumptions affect the perception of indigenous arts and crafts as legitimately indigenous. Indig enous peoples readily transform functional items into feasible commodities goods such as indigenous blouses and shawls easily become alien place mates and pillow cases, enabling indigenous peoples to survive (Schneider 80). Schneider asks, does this practice rob peoples of their culture, or exclusively generate a new kind of survival market culture? In seeking to recognize and question Eurocentric imaginings of the world, the discipline of anthropology complicates the right of tourists to jurist the commodities of indigenous communities, as it questions the right of a global economy that forces peoples to produce such commodities to survive (Schneider 83).In her more gruesome study of organ larceny in impoverished communities, Scheper-Hughes similarly demands that consumers understand the implications of neo-cannibalism on an international scale. Rejecting the idea of impoverished peoples as uneducated and gullible informants, Scheper-Hughes questions the meaning of doctors, orga n brokers and prestigious anthropologists denying people voice about body-snatching (35, 39). Her research proves that eviscerated bodies do appear in allies and morgues, and verifies the accounts of poor peoples denied as mere inventions by authorities (36, 38).