Tuesday, March 19, 2019
Behaviorism Theory Essay -- Psychology, Watson, Skinne, Locke
A learning, or behavioral theory, in terms of pitying development, follows the view that the focus of psychology should be behavior, the way we act. A behaviouristic places value on attributes that unmatchable puke see and therefore study, as opposed to the invisible attributes, such as thinking, feeling, and other brain exertion that occurs without star even knowing (Craig & Dunn, 2010, p. 14). There are three definitive modern behavior or learning theorists Ivan Pavlov, John Watson, and B. F. Skinner. However, as verbalize by William Crain John Locke was the Father of surroundingsalism and learning theory, although Ivan Pavlov and B.F. Skinner were his heirs (Crain, 2011 p.3). To some, the behaviouristic theories may seem limiting or incomprehensive, but one can see that either of the major theories play a role in our discernment of development.British philosopher John Locke developed theories in late 17th century that a child has no built-in beliefs or understanding of concepts until the child has experienced these things for themselves. He asserted in his writing that by observation of childrens behavior, children are like an empty, unfurnished room that one can select the furnishings for, especially in early years when children are most susceptible to suggestion and input (Crain, 2011). Locke believed that environment was a life-sustaining factor in development, but also saw that the way one gives a child input affects behavior as well. Crain, (2011) noted that Locke snarl that a childs good health was important to facilitate, and that beyond that, adults should help reinforce childrens behavior with honour and punishment. more than than two hundred years later, B.F. Skinner saw the importance of reward and punishment as he studied oper... ...tsons later innovations was to do away with or de-condition fears, by very slowly introducing the feared object in a slow, incremental, and safe manner until the object no longer evokes a direful response (Crain, 2011). All of these behavioral/learning theorists pose made immense progress in understanding the psychology of human development through a rigid set of principles, through research, observation, and behavior modification experiments. unrivaled may be put off by the unyielding self-denial of cognitive processes in behavior and the relationship to development. To be sure, many theories and theorists have made progress in bridging the gap between behavior and environment only theories, and cognitive theories. One should not lose sight that all of these major theorists have made valuable contributions to our views of human development, including these unwavering behaviorists.